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lesson 18
1 hour

How the Conclusion Refines the Body


In this lesson, students reread the final five paragraphs of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” As students read, they analyze how King uses these paragraphs to refine ideas he introduced and developed earlier in the letter. In a jigsaw activity, students consider how ideas presented in a single paragraph echo and refine similar ideas King presented in other parts of the letter, and then share their observations in new groups. A whole-class discussion enables students to hear what their classmates have noticed and to record important ideas before completing a Quick Write at the end of the lesson on the following prompt: How does the conclusion of the letter refine an idea developed throughout the letter?


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Bilingual Language Progressions

These resources, developed by the New York State Education Department, provide standard-level scaffolding suggestions for English Language Learners (ELLs) to help them meet grade-level demands. Each resource contains scaffolds at multiple levels of language acquisition and describes the linguistic demands of the standards to help ELA teachers as well as ESL/bilingual teachers scaffold content for their English learning students.


From of the New York State Education Department. Grade 10 ELA Module 2, Unit 1, Lesson 18. Available from; accessed 2015-05-29.
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