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lesson 15
1 hour

Ideas That Refine Ideas


In this lesson, students reread and analyze paragraphs 26–33 of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Students review these paragraphs in order to analyze how King develops and refines ideas from earlier in the text. After engaging in evidence-based discussion of the ideas developed in paragraphs 26–33, students take part in a jigsaw activity in which they determine how these ideas refine ideas from earlier in the text. The lesson closes with a Quick Write in response to the following prompt: How does King use paragraphs 26–33 to develop and refine an idea from earlier in the text?


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Bilingual Language Progressions

These resources, developed by the New York State Education Department, provide standard-level scaffolding suggestions for English Language Learners (ELLs) to help them meet grade-level demands. Each resource contains scaffolds at multiple levels of language acquisition and describes the linguistic demands of the standards to help ELA teachers as well as ESL/bilingual teachers scaffold content for their English learning students.


From of the New York State Education Department. Grade 10 ELA Module 2, Unit 1, Lesson 15. Available from; accessed 2015-05-29.
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